Giddiness / Vertigo

Giddiness is a common complaint among patients. Vertigo, characterised by a spinning or rotatory sensation, is also frequently experienced by patients. Both symptoms may be associated with inner ear disorders as the inner ear has a balancing function, but there can also be many other causes. A full evaluation is required before a diagnosis can be made. In all cases, the patient is first evaluated to rule out serious causes. Investigations, if needed, may include electro-physiological (VNG or ECoG), radiological or blood tests. The causes and symptoms will then be appropriately managed with a combination of medical, surgical and rehabilitative solutions. Learn more about the various giddiness and balance assessment tests that we offer below.

Giddiness & Balance Assessments

singapore ear specialist 4490


As part of our comprehensive hearing health services, we perform a range of giddiness and balance assessment tests in a specialised facility within our centre.

Videonystagmography (VNG)
VNG is a series of tests where eye movements are recorded by infrared camera while the patient lies in different positions. By assessing eye movements during these tests, the possible causes of dizziness or balance disorders may be identified.

Electrocochleography (ECoG)
This is a test used to examine electrical potentials in the inner ear elicited by sound stimulation. It can be useful for diagnosing Meniere’s disease.

Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP)
This is a test used to evaluate one portion of the balance organ known as the saccules. Muscle activation is recorded by electrodes placed on the neck when sound is presented.